Thursday, 6 June 2013

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM FOR THE ATTITUDES OF STUDENT TEACHERS TOWARDS TEACHING PRACTICE


 

Statement of the Problem

        Iniobong (2008) opined that the future of any nation depends on the quality of its teachers. The saying that no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers and no nation can rise above the level of its teaching staff shows the role of teachers and teachers’ educational programmes in national development.
With the introduction of Universal Basic Education (UBE) only well trained teachers can successfully translate the objectives of UBE to reality. Education, according to Lassa (1996) is the key to national development and only teachers hold the key and can turn it to national development. In order to acquire practical professional experiences to meet up with the above task, the trainee teachers are sent on teaching practice, this enables the prospective teachers to be well prepared for the assumption of duty as professionally, motivated conscientious and efficient classroom teacher who will encourage the spirit of inquiry, creativity and intellectual development among the beneficiaries of educational system. The problem of the study therefore is to ascertain the attitude of student teachers towards teaching practice in higher institutions in Nigeria.

Research Questions

        The following research questions are stated to guide the study:
1.  What is the attitude of student teachers towards teaching practice?
2.  What are the problems facing practical teaching and its related activities in Nigeria universities?
3.  What are the strategies for improving the attitude of student teachers towards teaching practice?

Hypotheses

        The following hypotheses are formulated to guide the study:
1.  There is no significant difference in the mean ratings of the 300 and 400 level students on the problems facing practical teaching and its related activities.
2.  There is no significant difference between the strategies for improving the attitude of student teachers and that of teachers towards teaching practice.
3.  There is no significant difference in the attitude of student teachers in urban schools and the student teachers in rural schools towards teaching practice.

Purpose of the Study

        In general term, the purpose of the study is to ascertain the attitude of the students in the faculty of education in Nigeria universities towards teaching practice as an impetus for their professionalization. Specifically, the study intended to:
1.  Determine the attitude of student teachers towards teaching practice.
2.  Identify the problems facing practical teaching and its related activities in Nigeria universities.
3.  Identify strategies for improvement in the attitude of the student teachers.

Significance of the Study

        The study will be of great importance to the public as it aims at analyzing the attitudes of student teachers who are the future trained teachers towards teaching practice. It will also help to measure adequately, the confidence of their current skill in teaching.
        The study will help to curb and solve the problems of untrained/unqualified teachers in the educational system as well as help to reveal the problems facing practical teaching and its related activities in Nigerian institutions.
        Lastly, the study will help to identify the various strategies for improving the attitudes of student teachers and provide adequate literature to the general public, other educational experts and researchers who intend to carry out further investigation on the improvement of teaching practice.

Scope of the Study

        The study is limited to universities in Nigeria, it is also restricted to the attitudes of student teachers towards teaching practice.

Limitations of the Study

        Every study has its own limitations. Some of the constraints encountered in carrying out this study are:
1.  Due to the fact that there are numerous schools in Delta State coupled with the fact that it will be a burden on the researcher both financially and time-wise to undertake a comprehensive research on these schools. This work is therefore limited by availability of finance and time factors, as there is stipulated time for its completion.
2.  The lack of relevant literature on the other hand has also limited the scopes of this research. This shortage or non-availability of relevance literatures from which the researcher could gather facts obviously place a sort of difficulty on his path, hence inhibiting a comprehensive research work.

Operational Definition of Terms

        For purpose of clarity, the following terms are operationally defined:
1.  Attitude: Attitude is a hypothetical construct that represents an individual’s degree of likes or dislikes for something.
2.  Practice: To do something or a course repeatedly in order to gain a skill in it.
3.  Teaching: Is the profession or practice of being a teacher, the act of giving instruction.
4.  Student: A person who is studying at a school or college. Denoting someone who is studying in order to enter a particular profession.
5.  Profession: A paid occupation, one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification.
6.  Instruction: A direction or order. The act, practice or profession of instructing.

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