Monday, 27 June 2016

The use of antibiotics

Patients neglect to follow the dosage instructions, which give the salmonella an opportunity to develop resistance. In animal husbandry, antibiotics are commonly misused and overused, including over prescription by vets and in agricultural practices. Doctors help slow the pace of growing antibiotic resistance by avoiding over-prescription. Patients should always take the entire treatment course and take the dosage in the instructed manner. Finally, antibiotics should never be shared with others.

Read: Effect of Fuel Subsidy Removal

Top Five Free Apps that can Improve Your Health

Apps that can Improve Your Health
Technology has found its way into almost all facets of our lives including the health sector as you can now download applications that will boost and guarantee your health. These apps shared by JumiaTravel, Africa’s No.1 hotel booking portal, to a very large extent helps keep body and soul together.

Read: How to Start a Recharge card Printing Business from the Comfort of your Home with Just N5,000


The impact that water has on the body cannot be overstated. Water is essential to boost your health and many agree that drinking water is better than gulping a beverage. This app helps you know the quantity of water you drink every day.  


This app attempts to keep you fit, which is why it is named fitocracy! The app recommends workout routines and offers exercise-related advice which will improve your general wellbeing and fitness. 


This is a perfect app for persons who eat out often. Of course, you know that many restaurants serve their meals to make money and barely take health benefits of the meals into cognizance. HealthyOut helps you choose the best options on the menu guarantees that you don’t consume unhealthy foods. It helps you adhere with your conviction and determination to eat healthy.
Apps that can Improve Your Health

Calorie counter

According to health experts, your daily calorie intake should not exceed 2,000cc. In order to meet your health goals, Calorie Counter helps you ensure that you take calories which correspond with your fitness goals and workouts.  

Read: Mouth Watering Glo Promos that you can try


It is very important to be conscious of what goes into our body. This is why you should always be conscious of what you eat. Therefore, you have to be aware of the nutritional content of your food in other to ensure that it benefits you. This is what Fooducate do. It provides information on whatever you are eating, track your food intake and also helps you scan product barcodes to determine its nutritional content.

Causes of Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonellosis

The more antibiotics are used, the more chances Salmollena has to become resistant to them. Salmollena adapt to the antibiotics used against it and these adaptations ensure their survival (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2009). A major cause of antibiotic resistance in Salmonelosis includes:


      Salmollena spp. reproduces by dividing every few hours, allowing them to evolve rapidly and adapt quickly to new environmental conditions. During replication, mutations arise and some of these mutations may help Salmollena survive exposure to an antimicrobial.

Read: How to Start a Recharge card Printing Business from the Comfort of your Home with Just N5,000

Causes of Antimicrobial Resistance
Genetic Mutation

Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonellosis


Salmonellosis is a one of the major food borne diseases with a high incidence and severity. Antibiotic resistance in salmonellosis is a growing public health emergency since salmonellosis from resistant Salmonella spp. is more hard and costly to treat. Since the 1990, some strains of Salmonella became resistant to a range of antibiotics. Nowadays, multidrug resistance has become a critically important issue in public health. The risk of Salmonellosis developing antibiotic resistance in human and animal is one of the main reasons for this study.


        Antimicrobial resistance is resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial drug that was originally effective for treatment of infections caused by it (WHO, 2014). Resistant microorganisms (including bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites) are able to withstand attack by antimicrobial drugs, such as antifungals,

Saturday, 25 June 2016

Free Call for Life - Nigerian 5th Mobile Netwotk - Ntel

Ntel, which is now the 5th Mobile network operator in Nigeria, said the commencement of operations is the culmination of its journey from acquiring the old NiTel/MTel assets

Read: Get the cheapest Data Plan For your Phone

Ntel, the revamped version of defunct national carrier NITEL, has announced the commencement of
its phased and paced commercial operations with bumper offers for Pioneers and data users.

The Company says the first 100,000 people to redeem and activate their ntel SIMs will get free on-net calls for life while data subscribers will get 3 months unlimited data usage on select bundles, as part of the rollout process.

I am delighted to be writing to you, on behalf of the staff and directors of NatCom, with the news that, today, April 8, 2016, we start commercial activities on our newly commissioned 4G/LTE-Advanced network. Our very earliest customers will be able to buy and use these services in clusters, across Lagos and Abuja from sales outlets and agents featuring our bright new brand name: ntel,” said Kamal Abass, CEO of Ntel.

Ntel, which is now the 5th Mobile network operator in Nigeria, said the commencement of operations is the culmination of its journey from acquiring the old NiTel/MTel assets to the delivery of successive milestones underlining its growing operating capability on its new fixed and mobile network infrastructure.

With the formal commencement, commercial services will be available on ntel’s 4G/LTE-Advanced network across key site clusters in Lagos and Abuja, with coverage in Port Harcourt following in May, along with expanded coverage in Lagos and Abuja, and subsequently to other states, across multiple geo-political zones, during the second half of 2016.

We are passionate at ntel about the power of Broadband to boost productivity and, thereby, transform lives, We expect to see this happen as ntel helps to accelerate the ongoing migration, from existing 2G and 3G services, to genuinely high-speed Mobile Broadband on 4G/LTE-Advanced,” said Abass, is a strong advocate of 4G/LTE.
The company is also promising high-speed Internet access of up to 230Mbps, the fastest available in Nigeria.

Friday, 24 June 2016

5 Bluetooth Myths you Should Drop

You can barely find something that doesn’t have a myth, history or legend associated with it. However, the question many often ask is whether the myths they hear are true or false.
Since Bluetooth became popular, there have been so many beliefs that people have held on to about this amazing technology. And this is the time to drop some of these beliefs or myths.
Non-discoverable Bluetooth is secured
Your Bluetooth is not secured even if it cannot be found by other devices so the best option is to switch off your Bluetooth when it’s not in use. If your Bluetooth is on, your phone can be hacked because your Bluetooth Device Address (BDA) might be hidden in non-discoverable mode and hackers can take advantage of this loophole.
Enabling Bluetooth kills your battery
Many people believe that immediately they switch on their phone’s Bluetooth, they begin to lose battery. This actually false. Even if the Bluetooth icon stays on for hours, it has no impact on the battery. This is because many smartphones now come with Low Energy Module which allows you to use your Bluetooth without your phone shedding any battery.
Bluetooth is not good for your health
Health experts are yet to agree on whether the radiation from your smartphone is harmful or not. This is same with Bluetooth which is one of the reasons why Bluetooth headset is becoming popular as it is safer than receiving calls with your phone.
Bluetooth only functions in small rooms
Bluetooth devices can work anywhere, including a small room. The only problem is the operating distance between the devices. However, this may not be an issue anymore as there are now three classes of Bluetooth that can transfer files over a wide distance range.  Bluetooth Class 1 devices have a range of around 100 metres, Bluetooth Class 2 devices have a range of around 10 metres and Bluetooth Class 3 devices have a range of less than 10 metres. Most smartphones and smartphones and tablets use Bluetooth Class 2 or 3.
Bluetooth interferes with WiFi
Most wireless technologies including Bluetooth and WiFi use 2.4 GHz radio frequency to exchange data. Due to this, many people have the perception that the Bluetooth and WiFi often clash because they are broadcasting on the same wireless frequency. This is not the case because Bluetooth is super-fast as it hops over other devices to prevent any interference without dropping in speed.

Monday, 20 June 2016


5 Exciting Ways to Use Snapchat in an Occasion/Event eg. wedding

Snapchat is fast becoming one of the most used multimedia mobile application in the world. According to statistics, users of the application sent over 2 billion videos daily as at May 2015.

With Snapchat, you can shoot videos and share pleasant memories with friends and also be used capturing precious memories. For most people, a wedding day is one of the happiest periods of their lives and with Snapchat, you can share real-time stories at the wedding and have fun while at it.  How do you do this? Nigerian Gateway shows you how.

Give guests a virtual tour

We are in a digital age and your friends should be on social media; Snapchat inclusive. So, on the morning of your wedding, you can give the invited guests a virtual tour of the venue. You can show them event centre, where to park, where the reception will take and if you want where to place their gifts. Unknown to you, you are making good efforts to ensure that everything is smooth for your guests even if you do it virtually.

Hand Snapchat over to a trusted guest

If you want to get the best out of Snapchat, you must hand over your phone to your friend who could take all the important snaps of the wedding and post it online. Doing this will ensure that you do not miss the important moments of the best day of your life.

Send a Virtual "wish you were here" Snap

Not everyone will be able to attend your wedding. So, to inform them that you have them in mind, you can send them a wish you were here Snap. It will not be a bad idea if they also snap you bad!


Show Highlights

When the wedding comes to an end, you can send out a quick wedding highlight through photo snaps of decorations and even your beautiful dress. This will give your invitees a chance to relive their favorite wedding moments and memories.

Send a Quick Thank You to Your Guests

The quickest and most creative way to thank your guests is to thank your guests via Snapchat. A 10 second snap with a few friends will go a long way. You should send it to your friends with Snapchat accounts.

Easy life with Etisalat - Easy call and Easy Data

Last Week i shared with you some of the many things Globacom is doing to better the life of its subscribers.... Glo is a Nigerian Owned Network operating in Nigeria and other Neighboring Countries. The Name have since remained Glo unlike Econnet now known as Airtel.

The competition is on and on and this is interesting and for that reason i want to share with you some of my findings. I will be comparing Glo in this case with Etisalat.

  • Glo was the first Network to introduce Per second Charging plan in Nigeria before others now followed. Imagine making a call for 30seconds and you will be charged the same amount with someone that made a call for 58seconds. Before now, 61seconds is already  a two minute call.
  • Glo was also the first to introduce the cheapest DATA PLAN in the network industry. Up till now, there still remain the best. In fact, there are second to non cheap data service. You can find out HERE
In other words there are our savior. How i wish petroleum will be privatized like our telecom industry. Fuel price will not be determined by our leader. 

Now for the lover of Etisalat,  there have decided to bring their call rate down so you can now enjoy with other. You can call all network in Nigeria for as low as 11k/s Just as others in Glo with a daily service charge of N5. This is ook.

To migrate this plan on Etisalat dial *420*1# to migrate to easylife 4.0 limited edition.
Migration is free!

These are the things you are to enjoy:
  • 11 kobo per second to all local networks from the very first second with only a ₦5 daily access fee.
  • 20k per second to 4 international destinations (UK landlines, USA, China and India).
  • free incoming calls while roaming on selected networks in 6 countries. 
I hope this has been very informative, share with your friends and also leave a comment below stating your view.

Friday, 17 June 2016

Registration Hitch – 2016/17 - LASU Appeals to Admission Seekers

LASU Admission
The Lagos State University Management (LASU) is using this opportunity to appeal to our “PROSPECTIVE” students who chose LASU as their “PREFERRED” choice to “EXERCISE PATIENCE with respect to the frustration
of NOT being able to complete their online registration which will be sorted out soon.

See also: How to Apply for LASU Admission Screening Exercise.

The university management assures you that NOBODY who had chosen LASU will be denied the right to participate, and for those who have paid, you will not be required to pay again once the problem is fixed.

Thank you for your understanding.

Thursday, 16 June 2016

Glo Promo

Glo Promo
The Globacom, one of the leading Telecommunication Company here in Nigeria now has multiple of promotional services which are enticing.

That is not all, they provide the cheapest data plan, the cheapest call rate but......... quality of service is yet to attain an appreciable level though they are trying in some area like in my house, the speed there is ok but outside my house is a story.
I would like to share some of the offers to you which might interest you to go for.
  1. You can join Ahmed Olatunde to be one of the Jackpot winners of 5M with just N100  by texting Glo to 555.
  2. You can enjoy 250MB with just N100 for 24hrs. this is good men, this is a data worth N500. 
Bumper data plan is also what they are offering, if you have a good network coverage in your area, you can subscribe to any of these data plans as i tabulate them below. This is really the cheapest.

Plan Details
Daily Plans
Plan NamePrice (N)Data VolumeValiditySMS to 127USSD Code
1 Day Pack5030MB1 Day14*127*14#
Instant Surf100100MB1 Day51*127*51#
Smallie200200MB3 Days56*127*56#
Weekly Plans
Plan NamePrice (N)Data VolumeValiditySMS to 127USSD Code
Big Week5001GB10 Days57*127*57#
Monthly Plans
Plan NamePrice (N)Data VolumeValiditySMS to 127USSD Code
Always Micro1,0002GB30 Days53*127*53#
My Phone2,0006GB30 Days55*127*55#
So Special2,50010GB30 Days58*127*58#
Always Macro3,00012GB30 Days54*127*54#
N4,000 Data Plan4,00018GB30 Days59*127*59#
Always Min5,00024GB30 Days11*127*2#
Always Max8,00048GB30 Days12*127*1#
Gold15,00060GB30 Days16*127*12#
Platinum18,00090GB30 Days17*127*13#
Are you out of data before end of your validity or you just want added data to your current plan? Boost your data plan by 1GB for just N500 OR by 300MB for just N200. Dial *777# to buy extra data (1GB Data Plan Boost is for 1GB plans or higher)
 Flexi Plans
Plan NamePrice (N)Data VolumeValiditySMS to 127USSD Code
N200_NIGHT_PLAN2001GB1 day (12am – 5am)60*127*60#
N500_WEEKEND_PLAN5003GB7 days (Weekend – Saturday 12 amSunday 11.59pm & Nights 12 am – 5pm)61*127*61#
G 1006,0004GB100 Hrs or 30 days20*127*5#
G 30015,00012GB300 Hrs or 3 Months21*127*4#
G-Leisure5,0004GB8PM to 9AM – Weekdays + All day on Weekends30*127*7#
G-Work6,0004GB8 AM to 9 PM31*127*6#
PriceDataOff-CampusOn-CampusGlo to Glo BonusValidity
N200200MB200MB400MBN504 days
N500500MB500MB1GBN1257 days
N10001GB1GB2GBN25015 days
N20002GB3GB6GBN50030 days
N50005GB12GB24GBN125030 days

Tuesday, 14 June 2016

Reasons Why you should Change your Desktop to Laptop or later

Still using a Desktop computer? Here are 6 reasons to change it!
Technology is evolving rapidly in the 21st century. The world of computers has also changed from supercomputers to the desktop computer to the laptop and notebook.
However, some persons or organizations are yet to flow with the technology wave as they still use desktop computers. Although in some economic sectors, desktop computers are still relevant, components of computers are fast becoming  miniaturized to make them more efficient. If you are still using a desktop computer in your home or office, here are six reasons from Nigerian Gateway to something more modern.
No longer fashionable
Imagine potential clients visit your office and they see desktop computers all over your office, what will they think about your organization. It is simple - your organization is not dynamic and has refused to move with time and they may question whether it is appropriate to do business with you or not. For example in a news organization, you do not expect to find a desktop computer.  
Desktop computers are usually rooted to a particular spot and this is a primary  disadvantage of big PCs. Presently, many people are on the move and they also take their work assignments home. This is why a laptop is very widely used due to its portability. This is not possible with a desktop computer.
Long before the arrival of laptops, desktops were the most affordable computer go for. However, with the coming of notebooks, and Chromebooks as well as laptops; it has significantly crashed the price for computers. So, keep a desktop computer when you can buy a portable and inexpensive computer?
Gaming and entertainment
There is a limit to which you can use desktop computers for entertainment and gaming. For a laptop, you can attach Virtual Reality Gaming system which has comprehensively changed the way people play games. This not really possible with a desktop computer.
Specification and performance
The speed of a computer is an important factor to consider when buying one. The specification, speed, and performance of a desktop computer are improving daily that the desktop computers are will soon be sparingly produced all because of the electrifying speed of laptops.
General Purpose
With an ultrabook, you can use it for daily work schedule as well as take pictures and browse social media on the go. This is because it is affordable and portable. Even smartphones have further dealt a death blow to desktop computers.

Monday, 13 June 2016

Protein Digestion and Determination

Procedure; Stage 1
1.     Weigh 0.5g of sample into a kjedal flask and add 20ml of sodium tetraoxosulphate (v) or potassium tetraoxosulphate (v).   1g of Copper (II) sulphate.
2.     Heat with heating mantle (Bunsen burner) till solution digests completely and change to bluish green color changes to white.

Procedure for acid value determination

Weigh 0.5g or measure 0.5ml using pipette of the oil sample in a conical flask, add 3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator and add 20ml of ethanol. Titrate with 0.1N of NaOH.
Observation: a pink coloration is observed.
From the calculation using the following equation the acid value is gotten
(Tv ×N×56.1) ÷ wt of sample used.
Peroxide Value;

Preparation of Some Standard Solutions Used in the Laboratory

A standard solution is a solution whose concentration is known. Standard solutions are prepared in advance or at demand and kept on the bench in the laboratory for use. A standard solution of a substance can be prepared, if the substance can be obtained in pure form state, by weighing accurately a definite mass of the substance, dissolving it in a suitable solvent, usually water, and making up the solution to a known volume in a volumetric flask.

General Laboratory equipment, their Use and Instrumentation

The Light Microscope

The microscope employs a hollow, extremely intense cone of light concentrated on the specimen. The field of view of the objective lens lies in the hollow, dark portion of the cone and picks up only scattered light from the object. The clear portions of the specimen appear as a dark background,

Friday, 10 June 2016

Brief History of Project Development Institute (PRODA) Enugu

What is now known as the project development institute PRODA was formally the east central state project development agency (ECSPDA), a cooperate body established by the erstwhile east central state government to promote the

Sample Report for Industrial Training (SIWES)

About Industrial training Report Writing

Title Page……………………………………………………………………………….i           
Table of Content………………………………………………………………………....iv
1.1     Objectives of SIWES………………………………………………………………. 2
1.2   Impact of Industrial Training………………………………………………………. 2
1.3 History of Project Development Institute (PRODA) Enugu………………………. 3
1.4   The Project Development Institute (PRODA) Org

Thursday, 2 June 2016

School Based Assessment

School Based Assessment

        Assessment and schooling go hand in hand. The assessment in learners’ and learning is a regular practice in education and are used to determine how far learners have learnt or mastered and educational task or knowledge or how well an educational process has addressed its set objectives. Anikweze (2005) precisely refers to assessment as the “process of investigating the status or standard of learners’ attainment, with reference to expected outcomes that must have been specified as objectives” when it concerns learnt output. The assessment of learners is often ongoing in many school set up. In fact, it is even undertaken as a basis for admitting students into the school. Assessment involves the practical assignment of numbers or figures to describe the quantity, quality or frequency of learning as the basis to interpret knowledge acquired.


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