Friday, 20 March 2015

what is Social engineering

About Social engineering
In the context of security, is understood to mean the art of manipulating people into performing actions or divulging confidential information.[1] While it is similar to a confidence
trick or simple fraud, it is typically trickery or deception for the purpose of information gathering, fraud, or computer system access; in most cases the attacker never comes face-to-face with the victims.
"Social engineering" as an act of psychological manipulation had previously been associated with the social sciences, but its usage has caught on among computer professionals.[2] Social engineering, in the context of security, is understood to mean the art of manipulating people into performing actions or divulging confidential information.[1] While it is similar to a confidence trick or simple fraud, it is typically trickery or deception for the purpose of information gathering, fraud, or computer system access; in most cases the attacker never comes face-to-face with the victims.
"Social engineering" as an act of psychological manipulation had previously been associated with the social sciences, but its usage has caught on among computer professionals.[2]

What is social engineering?

You've got all the bells and whistles when it comes to network firewalls and your building's security has a state-of-the-art access system. You've invested in the technology. But a social engineering attack could bypass all those defenses.
Say two fire inspectors show up at your office, show their badges and ask for a walkthrough—you're legally required to give them access to do their job. They ask a lot of questions, they take electrical readings at various wall outlets, they examine wiring under desks. Thorough, aren't they? Problem is, in this case they're really security consultants doing a social engineering 'penetration test' and grabbing access cards, installing keystroke loggers, and generally getting away with as much of your business's private information as they can get their hands on.
Social engineers, or criminals who take advantage of human behavior to pull of a scam, aren't worried about a badge system. They will just walk right in and confidently ask someone to help them get inside. And that firewall? It won't mean much if your users are tricked into clicking on a malicious link they think came from a Face book friend. In this article, we outline the common tactics social engineers often use, and give you tips on how to ensure your staff is on guard.
Social engineering is essentially the art of gaining access to buildings, systems or data by exploiting human psychology, rather than by breaking in or using technical hacking techniques. For example, instead of trying to find a software vulnerability, a social engineer might call an employee and pose as an IT support person, trying to trick the employee into divulging his password.

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