Saturday, 14 July 2018

Strategies for improving students' academic performance

Strategies for improving students' academic performance:
Taking   measures to improve academic performance and outcome starts with improving the behaviours of students in classroom. Although it
can seem challenging, teachers play large' roles in creating an environment that encourages leaning, improve students, behaviour and create better academic performance at every level of education. Teachers can accomplish amazing feats when the appropriate strategies are implemented to improve the behaviour in the classroom. Iwuamadi (2012) identifies and explains the following strategies for improving students' academic performance:
(a)    Setting   a   goal:   to   motivate the   students for   improved academic performance, the teacher should give the students assignment on a regular basis. The teacher should also acknowledge their success if they successfully complete their assignment. It is a motivating factor and the students will try to accomplish each task once they become habituated with the process. The students also identifies in which subject they are finding interest and in which area they are lagging.
(b)    Scheduling the study time: to improve a student's academic performance, it is important to first of all help the students to set a daily study schedule.  The teacher can do this by speaking with the students and their parents to determine the time of the day they are more focused and plan the study time accordingly. A comfortable place with no distraction is ideal for a student to learn their lessons.
(c)    Home Tutor: Sometimes a student needs special attention in a subject. A school teacher can not always provide that necessary guidance. In such a situation, the student moves to a private tutor.  But, private tutor is expensive and often parents fail to finance it.                                                       
(d)    Offering support benefits belief to the student: students are more likely to succeed academically when they feel the teacher is supportive, cares about students' success and honestly assessing their weakness and strengths. When the students are getting honest responses and help to improve their weak areas, it is easier to maintain motivation. Improving the behaviour of students in the classroom is part of a, teacher's job. By taking measures to support students, offering different teaching strategies and focusing on vigorous educational standards, teachers are keeping the class motivated and encouraging better academic performance. In support of the above views, Longe (2013) also explains other strategies for improving students' academic performance as follows:
        Create an emotionally safe classrooms: Emotionally safe classroom settings encourages respectful interactions where children feel they can express themselves without fear. Failure is a normal part of the learning curve and does not mean that a child who experiences it is actually a failure. Children who feel that they are in an emotionally free classroom feel free to explore, debate, practice and solve problems. It allows them to easily harness higher- order thinking skills.
        Create an intellectually safe classroom: Begin each class with an activity that 95% of the class can complete on their own. Activities like this get the lesson started with every one on board; feeling confident and ready to participate.
        Cultivate the appropriate intermediate steps:   when   it comes to project- based learning, building an appropriate' intermediate steps can help manage the learning process with the extra guidance students may need. As opposed to assigning the project with a week's deadline and cutting the students lose from there; a teacher may decide to create a few steps to do together so that everyone is on board.  For example, interviewing an adult may seem intermediating at first,  but if the brainstorming and other critical pieces are researched and together as steps, tic and make tackling this project a lot more manageable and enjoyable for the students.
        Create a culture of explanation instead of culture of the right answer:   to improve students' academic performance, the teacher should always create a challenge that can be solved in three differences ways and encourage students to find all the threes solutions. This practice helps engage students to think critically and thoughtful observe different approaches to arrive at solutions.
        Teach   self   awareness   about   knowledge: Encourage students to honestly self- reflect about their understanding before moving onto the next lesson. For example, try creating a form assessment for each lesson with 3-5 questions to gauge students understanding. The question can reflect what' was taught and also incorporate another component.
        Market your projects:   Make   sure   students understand exactly why they are participating in a learning activity or engaging in a specific concept, this will help in building trust in their learning   environment.   Engaging   in   tasks that help students grow in their lives, job and relations increase participation and ownership of the learning process.
        Give specific feedback often: Giving specific feedback is supportive   and   helpful   in   the   student   learning   process. Providing specific feedback grounded with evidence enables students to make informed decisions on how to refine the work. They also get a clear understanding of where they stand with their teachers, fostering confidence and safety in their learning environment.

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