Tuesday, 16 May 2017

People's Perspectives about Malaria

People's Perspectives about Malaria

People have difference perspectives about malaria in June and July 2007, medical student spent six weeks in malaria village in torro, Eastern Uganda listening to w hat villagers knows about malaria after which they designed on educational programme to fill gaps in the people's knowledge. Some misconceptions have been held such as mangoes cause malaria. This was an indication that people had not received correct information on how malaria spreads.
However, (Womakuyu, 2007) stated that a large number of people do not have ample knowledge about malaria. He attributed this lack of knowledge to ignorance, lack of basic amenities, and lack of basic amenities, lack of basic education, poverty and cultural belief.

Furthermore, people plenty information, it seems it all, in context to the proper information on the cause, some people especially in the rural area belief that malaria is cause by witchcraft or bad spirits, or a neighbor whom he or she is not in good term with- such beliefs makes health communication about using the proper measure to prevent understands local beliefs, one can frame plausible connections and solutions when communicating with villagers. One should always show respect and not criticized people because of their malaria thoughts for instance, in a situation where the belief is that mangoes cause malaria. Since mangoes are more common in rainy season. When mosquitoes are also more common, one can suggest that mosquitoes bread on the mangoes. 

History and Cause of Malaria

Malaria is an infections disease cause by a parasite called plasmodium, infects red blood cells. Historical records suggest malaria has infected humans since the beginning of man kind. The name "Malaria" (Meaning "Bad Air" Anatolian) was first used in England in 1740 by it Walpole when describing the disease, the term was shortened to malaria" in the 20th century. Lavern in 1880 was the first to identify the parasites in human blood. In 1889, R. Rose discovered that mosquitoes transit malaria.
Malaria is a disease of wide distribution caused by sporozite of the genus plasmodium four species of plasmodium have been known to be associated with human malaria. 
These species are: 
i. Plasmodium falciparium 
ii. Plasmodium vivax 
iii. Plasmodium malariae 
iv. Plasmodium ovale
Of the four species of malaria, the most serious type is plasmodium falciparium malaria. It can be life threatening. The other three species of malaria are generally less serious and are not life threatening.

Epidemiology and Endomology

Malaria had continued to be an endemic disease of the tropics and Subtropics. Although endemic malaria is located in areas of both north and south of equator as far as latitudes 64.N and 32.5. It is also known that even within the tropical and subtropical region, considerable vacations in prevalence and severity exist due to vacation climatic and environmental condition.

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