Sunday, 22 March 2015

Globalization and Imperatives for Changes in Educational Financing and Finding.

The National Policy and Educational (2003) recognizes education as an expensive social service that requires adequate financial provision for the successful implantation of the educational programmes. Government’s ultimate goal is to make education free at all levels although the financial burden appears overwhelming. Financing education is, therefore, a joint responsibility of the state local governments,
local communities, individuals, the private sector and other organizations. Education share of the budget dropped in 1991 and 1992, remained stable in the range of 12% to 14.5% although no less than 25% of all income accruing to the nation is required. The limited resource of the government to fund education at all levels has made government to solicit the participation of private sectors as education providers. This is based on the belief that private participation in education is a way of providing variety and allowing for health competition, it is also based on government’s belief in cost sharing for the funding of education, but with the proviso that like government private providers should not run private schools essentially for monetary gain but as a social service. A part from the positive effects of more access, this ahs let to emergence of highly enlists schools that have excluded the poor.
Other private partners in education include cooperate organizations development partners multinational Co-operations. These bodies have contributed in various ways to the national expedition on education but it appears that the success story ends there because education financing in Nigeria is still poor. This is manifested in dividing facilities in schools, dilapidated buildings, infrastructural decay and general decline in morale for learning. It is obvious that Nigeria’s economy of today cannot support the educational system.
Obviously, there is acute scarcity of financing resources which is more extreme in the developing countries to provide teachers pay salaries, infrastructural and instructional materials and observation shown that this has negatively affected quality. The community has negatively affected quality. The community parent teachers association (PTA) inclusive has been encouraged in finding education. Many communities partnership in educational finding. The (PTA) in particular is in the fore-front of this noble development.
All the educational reforms learner proposed as global imperatives in this paper will cost money and other non-financing resources to implement. The politics associated with educational financing and funding in Nigeria is such that government pretends to have the capability to find education at all levels. In theory, most government in Nigeria believes that education is tuition Free at all levels in all public schools is however, in practice, most of Nigeria public schools’ are hardly well-funded by various levels of government.  Most public schools hardly have running grants. It appears Nigeria must address squarely, the issues of effective funding and financing of public education at all levels. Government must exhibit he requisite political will to allow parents and other stakeholder to pay token fees for public education. A situation where most public schools are deserted by pupils in preference for private schools cannot be allowed to ….unrepressed. Educational funding for a school system that teaches.        
        Higher-order thinking and a school system that is ICT-driven should necessarily be cost intensive. The current trend of poor and epileptic funding in education may not assist in this direction. It is therefore imperatives that Nigerian must spend more money in the running of public education of Nigerian schools are to move the nation ahead like other school systems of developed countries: Education indeed must be a cost-intensive enterprise as the dictates of globalization appear to have placed additional burden on school systems.
Globalization and Imperatives for constitutional issues and Policy reforms in Education in Nigeria.
A major policy reform in Nigeria is National Economic Empowerment Development Strategies (NEEDS). NEEDS is Nigeria’s home grown poverty reduction strategy and is a nationally coordinated frame work of action in close collaboration with the states and local government. It is a major instrument to meet the requirement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) which in itself is a global issue.
Although, NEEDS is essentially for poverty reduction, but it cuts across all sectors. NEEDS rests on four key strategies, these  are:
·        Reforming government and institutions
·        Growing the private sectors
·        Implementing a social strata, and
·        Value-orientation    
Under NEEDS, education (especially Basic Education) is considered the key bridge to the future. In this regard, the strategy addresses the following:
·        Fathful implementation of free and compulsory Universal Education
·        Review of school curricular to incorporate vocational and entrepneur skills.
·        Re-tooling and repositioning of technical schools to address manpower needs of the economy.
·        Establishment of more vocational centres
·        Review of school Curricular to incorporate.
The study of (ICT) among others. It is important for Nigeria to evolve constitutional provision to protect school system from unnecessary policy fluctuations and instability in government policies on education especially in matters relating to educational funding and financing.
Education is so important for national development that perhaps a certain percentage of rational budgets should be constitutionally set aside for the funding of education. A globalized world environment has the tendency of creating free zones, both for trade and for learning all over the world. The school systems of developing countries will have to operate in the same global environment is the schools systems of developed countries. Isolation is becoming increasingly difficult in such an environment. It is therefore important for developing countries to spend  more on the funding of education.
It is important also to state that the proposals for widespread systematic reforms in educational policy formation and implementation could only be possible in a political environment that supports experimentation and risk-taking. The need for deep-rooted community support cannot be over-emphasized in any successful attempt to reform and reposition educational policies and practices. Politicians and stakeholders in the education industry must be encouraged to develop the requisite political courage and will to imitate and sustain the proposal for educational reforms.
The current trends and characteristics of globalization call for a radical paradigm shift in educational policies and practices.

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